Pinpointing the well pump as the source of home water flow trouble is often the go-to move for anyone with water problems. However, without knowing exactly what the root issue is, it's hard to make moves to rectify it. If you've already decided that the pump is stopping water flow, investigate more to learn whether these problems exist.
Pump Should Be Stronger
Weak flow can simply reflect high water usage. If you've had the grandkids staying with you or installed another toilet, for example, it's not unlikely that the well pump that worked just fine for years would suddenly be inadequate. Whenever you increase usage or add people to the living environment, think about installing a new pump that can properly power up.
Pump is Above Water
If the faucets and toilets are completely failing, it's possible that groundwater isn't flowing into the actual pump, so there's nothing to move into the pipes. This would happen for multiple reasons, but a shallow well is not uncommon, especially if you've recently moved in or the well site was moved. Unless the pump is thoroughly submerged, it will malfunction, and if you look into the well and see the pump sticking out above the water line, you've likely found the problem. You can have the well dug deeper, but you might also investigate the water source just to ensure that's not the issue.
Pump is Cracked
Pump cracks will also mess with water flow. Cracking can happen when your pump is rather old and has been functioning without professional inspections for some time, but cracks also occur when the machine freezes. Frigid temperatures and lack of well protection might allow water to start icing over. Any water lingering inside your well pump could expand and crack the machine. Buying a new one is the next move, but then do what you can to warm the area constantly. A ceramic heater or enclosed space may prevent the same problem.
Pump is Buried
Your pump could very well be sitting in the well buried. Looking into the space, you may only see dirt and not the pump at all. This indicates a sudden cave-in. The walls were weaker than they should have been or had not been well-maintained over the years. Professionals must replace them so you can assess the pump's functionality and start up the water.
Noticing these problems provides clues about repairing them. Well drilling experts can also help, so contact a professional by calling different companies in your area or visiting websites like http://www.downrightdrilling.com.